Not Only One, Many Diseases Cause 'Vertigo'

Not Only One, Many Diseases Cause 'Vertigo' There are many diseases that cause vertigo, which is called 'dizziness' among the people.

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Among these diseases, blood sugar irregularities, rhythm disorders that disrupt the working order of the heart, vascular occlusions that affect the blood supply of the brain, some eye problems, changes in the blood table and some intracranial tumors also cause vertigo.


When vertigo occurs, individuals report feeling dizzy, having difficulty maintaining balance, and feeling as if the ground is slipping under their feet.   


There is a very complex mechanism that keeps our body in balance. In order to achieve this balance, the signals coming from the balance channels in the inner ear, the eye and the musculoskeletal system need to harmonize in the balance center of the brain. If this harmony is disturbed, dizziness problems arise.


While sitting in a place or lying in bed, the person may experience a constant dizziness, as if traveling on a ship caught in a storm.

There are 2 Main Types of Vertigo

Experts state that there are 2 types of vertigo disease, 'peripheral' and 'central'. In peripheral vertigo, balance problems are experienced due to diseases caused by the 6 balance channels in the inner ear. In central vertigo, it includes all disorders that cause vertigo outside the inner ear canals.   


These disorders include many diseases such as blood sugar irregularities, arrhythmias that disrupt the working order of the heart, vascular occlusions that disrupt the blood supply of the brain, some eye disorders, changes in the blood table, and some intracranial tumors.

Vertigo is Dealt in 7 Different Health Branches

Since central vertigo includes many diseases, it is of interest to ear nose and throat physicians as well as medical branches such as neurology, ophthalmology, internal medicine, cardiology, neurosurgery and psychiatry.   


For example, dizziness can occur even with the side effects of antidepressant drugs used in the treatment of psychiatric diseases. Dizziness may occur during the initiation and discontinuation of these drugs.

First, the Type of Vertigo is determined

The first evaluation of patients with vertigo is made by otolaryngologists. During the examination, it is investigated whether the disease is caused by the inner ear or other diseases.   


If it originates from the inner ear, it is being tried to determine which type of inner ear disease it occurs. If there are central causes, investigations are made for the suspected disease. In cases of vertigo of neurological origin, the disease can be detected by neurological examination and brain MRI.   


Cause-oriented treatments are given in vertigo clinics in some hospitals. If there is a condition originating from the inner ear, it should be accompanied by dizziness and nausea. It is very important to find the cause for an effective treatment in vertigo. For this, some laboratory tests specific to the disease are performed.


As a result of these tests, two situations usually arise: the first is the movement of the crystals in the inner ear, and the second is ear pressure called Meniere's.   

When the direction of the crystal play is determined, these structures, which have come out of their own channel with maneuver treatment, are sent to where they belong. If there is ear pressure called Meniere's, medication and diet therapy are applied. Contrary to popular belief, vertigo is not a lifelong disease. 


If the cause is treated, patients can regain their health and return to their daily lives.