Cancer Treatment

The growth rate of cells in the human body is checked and regulated by certain control mechanisms. Genetic and environmental factors impair this control mechanism, resulting in abnormal cell growth and cancer.

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  • Cancer Surgery
  • Medical Oncology
  • Radiation Oncology

Cancer Surgery

Surgery is frequently used to both diagnose and treat cancer. 

Why is cancer surgery performed?

For the following reasons, cancer surgery is frequently necessary:

Avoiding cancer. In some cancers, an organ may be removed before a cancerous tumor develops. In this way, surgery helps to prevent cancer.

Diagnosis. Through surgery, a tissue sample for testing may be obtained. The sample is examined in a lab to determine whether it is cancerous. Other tests may be used to look at the cells' genetic make-up. The test's results have an impact on how you should be treated.

Staging. After cancer surgery, the extent of the cancer and its potential for spread may be determined. This data is used to establish the cancer's stage. Based on the stage of your malignancy, your doctor can decide whether you need intensive therapy and how serious your condition is.

First-choice treatment. The main treatment for many malignancies is surgery.

Debulking. After surgery, the cancer may not always be completely removed. The surgeon has the most room for removal. This process is referred to as debulking.

Relief from side effects or symptoms Surgery may improve your quality of life. It might take away the pain, for example, if the cancer is pressing against a bone or nerve. With this approach, the intestine-blocking carcinoma might be removed.

Surgery is frequently a part of other cancer treatments. These regimens might include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other therapies. Which treatments are most effective for you will depend on the type, stage, and general health of your cancer.

Which techniques are frequently employed during cancer surgery?

When it is technically possible, surgery for cancer aims to completely remove the disease from the body. The surgeon accomplishes this by removing some nearby healthy tissue in addition to the cancer.

The surgeon might remove more lymph nodes from the area. Testing is done to see if there are cancer cells in the lymph nodes. If cancer affects the lymph nodes, it may spread to other bodily organs.

What other ways does cancer surgery function

A wide range of different procedures can be used to treat cancer. Researchers continue to look for new methods. Additional cancer surgical procedures include the following:

Cryosurgery. Two examples of the extremely cold materials used in this operation are a cold probe and liquid nitrogen spray. The cold kills cancerous cells by freezing them to death.

Electrosurgery. This type of surgery uses electric current to kill cancer cells.

Laser treatment. Laser surgery uses light beams to decrease or remove cancer cells.

A Mohs technique. This method gently removes the cancer layer by layer. Each thin layer is stripped off and examined under a microscope to look for signs of malignancy.  

This is repeated until all cancer has been cured. Mohs surgery is used to treat cancers that have spread to delicate skin regions, such as the area around the eye.

Gynecological surgery. With this minimally invasive procedure, multiple tiny incisions are made as opposed to one large one. Surgical tools and a small camera are inserted through the incisions.  

An image from the camera is displayed on a screen. The surgeon makes use of this to guide the tools used to remove the cancer. Because of the smaller incisions, you recover from surgery more quickly and experience fewer complications.

Working robots. The surgeon can perform robotic surgery while standing or lying down. They can see a 3D representation of the area being operated on on a screen.  

The surgeon uses hand controls to guide a robot to move the required surgical instruments in order to complete the procedure. Robotic surgery helps the surgeon in hard-to-reach areas. Patients who undergo this type of surgery may experience less post-operative complications and a shorter recovery period.

Natural Orifice. Natural orifice surgery enables access to the abdominal organs without removing skin. Instead, surgeons pass surgical instruments through a hole that is already present in the body, such as the mouth, rectum, or vagina. For instance, a surgeon could insert surgical instruments in the throat and stomach.  

The small incision makes a hole in the stomach wall. The area around the stomach is then exposed to surgical equipment. The tools may also sample liver tissue in addition to removing the gallbladder.

Natural orifices are uncommonly used in surgical procedures. Surgeons are hopeful that this will help to lessen the risks of infection, discomfort, and other post-operative problems.

Cancer therapy is developing. Researchers are looking at alternatives to invasive surgery.